Wisdom from Quran.

Arabic
اِنَّ اللّٰهَ اشْتَرٰى مِنَ الْمُؤْمِنِيْنَ اَنْفُسَهُمْ وَاَمْوَالَهُمْ بِاَنَّ لَهُمُ الْجَــنَّةَ‌ؕ يُقَاتِلُوْنَ فِىْ سَبِيْلِ اللّٰهِ فَيَقْتُلُوْنَ وَيُقْتَلُوْنَ‌ وَعْدًا عَلَيْهِ حَقًّا فِى التَّوْرٰٮةِ وَالْاِنْجِيْلِ وَالْقُرْاٰنِ‌ؕ وَمَنْ اَوْفٰى بِعَهْدِهٖ مِنَ اللّٰهِ فَاسْتَـبْشِرُوْا بِبَيْعِكُمُ الَّذِىْ بَايَعْتُمْ بِهٖ‌ؕ وَذٰلِكَ هُوَ الْفَوْزُ الْعَظِيْمُ

Notes

Topics related to this Ayah
[Believers] [Gospel] [Heaven] [Pact] [Quran] [Sale] [Torah] [Victory] [Wealth]

English – Sahih International
Indeed, Allah has purchased from the believers their lives and their properties [in exchange] for that they will have Paradise. They fight in the cause of Allah, so they kill and are killed. [It is] a true promise [binding] upon Him in the Torah and the Gospel and the Qur’an. And who is truer to his covenant than Allah ? So rejoice in your transaction which you have contracted. And it is that which is the great attainment.

English – Footnote (Hilali)
a) Narrated Abu Hurairah [radhi-yAllahu ‘anhu]: Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “Allah guarantees him who strives in His Cause and whose motivation for going out is nothing but Jihad in His Cause and belief in His Words (Islamic Monotheism), that He will admit him into Paradise (if martyred) or bring him back to his dwelling place whence he has come out with what he gains of reward or booty.”

[Sahih Al-Bukhari, 4/3123 (O.P.352)]

b) Narrated Jabir bin ‘Abdullah [radhi-yAllahu ‘anhu]: On the day of the battle of Uhud, a man came to the Prophet (ﷺ) and said, “Can you tell me where I will be if I should get martyred?” The Prophet (ﷺ) replied, “In Paradise.” The man threw away some dates he was carrying in his hand, and fought till he was martyred.

[Sahih Al-Bukhari, 5/4046 (O.P.377)]

c) Narrated Ibn ‘Umar [radhi-yAllahu ‘anhumaa]: I heard Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) saying: “If you (1) practised Bai’ Al-‘Inah (the ‘Inah transaction, i.e. selling goods to a person for a certain price and then buying them back from him for a far less price); (2) and followed the tails of the cows (i.e. indulged in agriculture and became content with it); (3) and deserted the Jihad (holy fighting) in Allah’s Cause; Allah will cover you with humiliation, and it will not be removed till you return back to your religion.”

(Abu Dawud, Hadith No. 3462)

English – Tafsir ibn kathir
Allah has purchased the Souls and Wealth of the Mujahidin in Return for Paradise

Allah says,

إِنَّ اللّهَ اشْتَرَى مِنَ الْمُوْمِنِينَ أَنفُسَهُمْ وَأَمْوَالَهُم بِأَنَّ لَهُمُ الجَنَّةَ

Verily, Allah has purchased of the believers their lives and their properties for (the price) that theirs shall be the Paradise.

Allah states that He has compensated His believing servants for their lives and wealth — if they give them up in His cause — with Paradise. This demonstrates Allah’s favor, generosity and bounty, for He has accepted the good that He already owns and bestowed, as a price from His faithful servants.

Al-Hasan Al-Basri and Qatadah commented,

“By Allah! Allah has purchased them and raised their worth.”

Shimr bin Atiyyah said,

“There is not a Muslim but has on his neck a sale that he must conduct with Allah; he either fulfills its terms or dies without doing that.”

He then recited this Ayah.

This is why those who fight in the cause of Allah are said to have conducted the sale with Allah, meaning, accepted and fulfilled his covenant.

Allah’s statement,

يُقَاتِلُونَ فِي سَبِيلِ اللّهِ فَيَقْتُلُونَ وَيُقْتَلُونَ

They fight in Allah’s cause, so they kill and are killed.

indicates that whether they were killed or they kill the enemy, or both, then Paradise will be theirs.

The Two Sahihs recorded the Hadith,

وَتَكَفَّلَ اللهُ لِمَنْ خَرَجَ فِي سَبِيلِهِ لَا يُخْرِجُهُ إِلاَّ جِهَادٌ فِي سَبِيلِي وَتَصْدِيقٌ بِرُسُلِي بِأَنْ تَوَفَّاهُ أَنْ يُدْخِلَهُ الْجَنَّةَ أَوْ يَرْجِعَهُ إِلَى مَنْزِلِهِ الَّذِي خَرَجَ مِنْهُ نَايِلً مَا نَالَ مِنْ أَجْرٍ أَوْ غَنِيمَة

Allah has made a promise to the person who goes out (to fight) in His cause; `And nothing compels him to do so except Jihad in My Cause and belief in My Messengers.’

He will either be admitted to Paradise if he dies, or compensated by Allah, either with a reward or booty if He returns him to the home which he departed from.

Allah’s statement,
.
وَعْدًا عَلَيْهِ حَقًّا فِي التَّوْرَاةِ وَالاِنجِيلِ وَالْقُرْانِ

It is a promise in truth which is binding on Him in the Tawrah and the Injil and the Qur’an.

affirms this promise and informs us that Allah has decreed this for His Most Honorable Self, and revealed it to His Messengers in His Glorious Books, the Tawrah that He sent down to Musa, the Injil that He sent down to Isa, and the Qur’an that was sent down to Muhammad, may Allah’s peace and blessings be on them all.

Allah said next,

وَمَنْ أَوْفَى بِعَهْدِهِ مِنَ اللّهِ

And who is truer to his covenant than Allah,

affirming that He never breaks a promise.

Allah said in similar statements,

وَمَنْ أَصْدَقُ مِنَ اللَّهِ حَدِيثاً

And who is truer in statement than Allah, (4:87)

and,

وَمَنْ أَصْدَقُ مِنَ اللَّهِ قِيلً

And whose words can be truer than those of Allah. (4:122)

Allah said next,

فَاسْتَبْشِرُواْ بِبَيْعِكُمُ الَّذِي بَايَعْتُم بِهِ وَذَلِكَ هُوَ الْفَوْزُ الْعَظِيمُ

Then rejoice in the bargain which you have concluded. That is the supreme success.

meaning, let those who fulfill the terms of this contract and uphold this covenant receive the good news of great success and everlasting delight

Great is hatred in the sight of Allah that you say what you do not do.

English – Footnote (Hilali)

English – Tafsir ibn kathir
Most hateful it is with Allah that you say that which you do not do.

Imam Ahmad and Abu Dawud recorded that Abdullah bin `Amir bin Rabi`ah said,

“Allah’s Messenger came to us while I was a young boy, and I went out to play. My mother said, `O Abdullah! Come, I want to give you something.’ Allah’s Messenger said to her,

وَمَا أَرَدْتِ أَنْ تُعْطِيَهُ

What did you want to give him?

She said, `Dates.’

He said,

أَمَا إِنَّكِ لَوْ لَمْ تَفْعَلِي كُتِبَتْ عَلَيْكِ كَذْبَة

If you had not given them to him, it would have been written as a lie in your record.”

Muqatil bin Hayyan said,

“The faithful believers said, `If we only knew the dearest good actions to Allah, we would perform them.’ Thus, Allah told them about the dearest actions to Him, saying

Go to next ayah for complete tafsir

English – Sahih International
Indeed, Allah loves those who fight in His cause in a row as though they are a [single] structure joined firmly.

English – Footnote (Hilali)
a) Narrated Abu Sa’id Al-Khudri [radhi-yAllahu ‘anhu]: Somebody asked, “O Allah’s Messenger! Who is the best among the people?” Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) replied, “A believer who strives his utmost in Allah’s Cause with his life and property.” They asked, “Who is next?” He replied, “A believer who stays in one of the mountain paths worshipping Allah and leaving the people secure from his mischief.” [Sahih Al-Bukhari, 4/2786 (O.P.45)]

b) See the footnote a) of (V.9:111).

Sura 9 Ayah 111 note:

a) Narrated Abu Hurairah [radhi-yAllahu ‘anhu]: Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “Allah guarantees him who strives in His Cause and whose motivation for going out is nothing but Jihad in His Cause and belief in His Words (Islamic Monotheism), that He will admit him into Paradise (if martyred) or bring him back to his dwelling place whence he has come out with what he gains of reward or booty.”

[Sahih Al-Bukhari, 4/3123 (O.P.352)]

b) Narrated Jabir bin ‘Abdullah [radhi-yAllahu ‘anhu]: On the day of the battle of Uhud, a man came to the Prophet (ﷺ) and said, “Can you tell me where I will be if I should get martyred?” The Prophet (ﷺ) replied, “In Paradise.” The man threw away some dates he was carrying in his hand, and fought till he was martyred.

[Sahih Al-Bukhari, 5/4046 (O.P.377)]

c) Narrated Ibn ‘Umar [radhi-yAllahu ‘anhumaa]: I heard Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) saying: “If you (1) practised Bai’ Al-‘Inah (the ‘Inah transaction, i.e. selling goods to a person for a certain price and then buying them back from him for a far less price); (2) and followed the tails of the cows (i.e. indulged in agriculture and became content with it); (3) and deserted the Jihad (holy fighting) in Allah’s Cause; Allah will cover you with humiliation, and it will not be removed till you return back to your religion.”

(Abu Dawud, Hadith No. 3462)

English – Tafsir ibn kathir
إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُحِبُّ الَّذِينَ يُقَاتِلُونَ فِي سَبِيلِهِ صَفًّا

Verily, Allah loves those who fight in His cause in rows,

Allah stated what He likes, and they were tested on the day of Uhud.

However, they retreated and fled, leaving the Prophet behind. It was about their case that Allah revealed this Ayah:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ اَمَنُوا لِمَ تَقُولُونَ مَا لَاا تَفْعَلُونَ

O you who believe! Why do you say that which you do not do

Allah says here, `The dearest of you to Me, is he who fights in My cause.”‘

Some said that it was revealed about the gravity of fighting in battle, when one says that he fought and endured the battle, even though he did not do so.

Qatadah and Ad-Dahhak said that this Ayah was sent down to admonish some people who used to say that they killed, fought, stabbed, and did such and such during battle, even though they did not do any of it.

Sa`id bin Jubayr said about Allah’s statement,
إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُحِبُّ الَّذِينَ يُقَاتِلُونَ فِي سَبِيلِهِ صَفًّا
(Verily, Allah loves those who fight in His cause in rows (ranks)),

“Before Allah’s Messenger began the battle against the enemy, he liked to line up his forces in rows; in this Surah, Allah teaches the believers to do the same.”

He also said that Allah’s statement,

كَأَنَّهُم بُنيَانٌ مَّرْصُوصٌ

as if they were a solid structure.

means, its parts are firmly connected to each other; in rows for battle.

Muqatil bin Hayyan said,

“Firmly connected to each other.”

Ibn `Abbas commented on the meaning of the Ayah,
كَأَنَّهُم بُنيَانٌ مَّرْصُوصٌ
(as if they were a solid structure). by saying,

“They are like a firm structure that does not move, because its parts are cemented to each other.

Advertisements