They say Jerusalem is not mentioned in the QURAN.They say Muslims and Islam have no claim over it . Here is the detailed reply from the Quran and its Tafsir(exegisis).
Masjid Aqsa is in Jerusalem . Jerusalem is also known as Al Quds meaning “The Holy One”. Jerusalem (Al Quds) is a central part of Shaam(Greater Syria).Shaam includes today’s Syria Palestine Israel Jordan Lebanon and some parts of Turkey.

The fact during Prophet Muhammad pbuh period.
THE QURAN responds : 

Arabic

وَأَوْرَثْنَا ٱلْقَوْمَ ٱلَّذِينَ كَانُوا يُسْتَضْعَفُونَ مَشَٰرِقَ ٱلْأَرْضِ وَمَغَٰرِبَهَا ٱلَّتِى بَٰرَكْنَا فِيهَاۖ وَتَمَّتْ كَلِمَتُ رَبِّكَ ٱلْحُسْنَىٰ عَلَىٰ بَنِىٓ إِسْرَٰٓءِيلَ بِمَا صَبَرُواۖ وَدَمَّرْنَا مَا كَانَ يَصْنَعُ فِرْعَوْنُ وَقَوْمُهُۥ وَمَا كَانُوا يَعْرِشُونَ 
Notes

Topics related to this Ayah

[Adversity] [Blessing] [Burden] [Calamities] [East West] [Moses] [Moses, and Pharaoh] [Patience] [Pharaoh] [Pharaoh, dealings with Moses] 
English – Sahih International

And We caused the people who had been oppressed to inherit the eastern regions of the land and the western ones, which We had blessed. And the good word of your Lord was fulfilled for the Children of Israel because of what they had patiently endured. And We destroyed [all] that Pharaoh and his people were producing and what they had been building.
English – Footnote (Hilali)

English – Tafsir ibn kathir

وَأَوْرَثْنَا الْقَوْمَ الَّذِينَ كَانُواْ يُسْتَضْعَفُونَ
So We took retribution from them. We drowned them in the sea, because they belied Our Ayat and were heedless with them. And We made the people who were considered weak to inherit…
Allah states that when the people of Fir`awn rebelled and transgressed, even though He inflicted them with consecutive signs, one after another, He took retribution from them by drowning them in the sea that Musa parted by Allah’s power, and he and the Children of Israel passed through. In their pursuit, Fir`awn and his soldiers went in the sea chasing Musa and his people. When they all had gone inside the water, the sea closed in on them and they all drowned, because they belied the Ayat of Allah and were heedless of them. Allah said that He has granted the people who were considered weak, the Children of Israel, to inherit the eastern and western parts of the land.

 

مَشَارِقَ الَارْضِ وَمَغَارِبَهَا الَّتِي بَارَكْنَا فِيهَا

the eastern parts of the land and the western parts thereof which We have blessed.
Al-Hasan Al-Basri and Qatadah commented that Allah’s statement,
refers to the Sham area (Greater Syria).

 

وَتَمَّتْ كَلِمَتُ رَبِّكَ الْحُسْنَى عَلَى بَنِي إِسْرَايِيلَ بِمَا صَبَرُواْ
And the fair Word of your Lord was fulfilled for the Children of Israel, because of their endurance.
Mujahid and Ibn Jarir said that Allah’s statement, is explained by Allah’s other statement,
وَنُرِيدُ أَن نَّمُنَّ عَلَى الَّذِينَ اسْتُضْعِفُواْ فِى الاٌّرْضِ وَنَجْعَلَهُمْ أَيِمَّةً وَنَجْعَلَهُمُ الْوَارِثِينَ
وَنُمَكِّنَ لَهُمْ فِى الاٌّرْضِ وَنُرِىَ فِرْعَوْنَ وَهَـمَـنَ وَجُنُودَهُمَا مِنْهُمْ مَّا كَانُواْ يَحْذَرونَ
And We wished to do a favor to those who were weak (and oppressed) in the land, and to make them rulers and to make them the inheritors. And to establish them in the land, and We let Fir`awn and Haman and their hosts receive from them that which they feared. (28:5-6)
Further, Allah’s statement,

 

وَدَمَّرْنَا مَا كَانَ يَصْنَعُ فِرْعَوْنُ وَقَوْمُهُ
And We destroyed what Fir`awn and his people produced,
meaning, We destroyed what Fir`awn and his people produced, such as agriculture and buildings.

 

وَمَا كَانُواْ يَعْرِشُونَ

 

 
and what they erected.
Ibn Abbas and Mujahid said that 

يَعْرِشُونَ

 (they erected),
means, they built
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Arabic

سُبْحَٰنَ ٱلَّذِىٓ أَسْرَىٰ بِعَبْدِهِۦ لَيْلًا مِّنَ ٱلْمَسْجِدِ ٱلْحَرَامِ إِلَى ٱلْمَسْجِدِ ٱلْأَقْصَا ٱلَّذِى بَٰرَكْنَا حَوْلَهُۥ لِنُرِيَهُۥ مِنْ ءَايَٰتِنَآۚ إِنَّهُۥ هُوَ ٱلسَّمِيعُ ٱلْبَصِيرُ 
Notes

Topics related to this Ayah

[Al-Masjid-al-Haram] [Blessing] [Mosque] 
English – Sahih International

Exalted is He who took His Servant by night from al-Masjid al-Haram to al-Masjid al- Aqsa, whose surroundings We have blessed, to show him of Our signs. Indeed, He is the Hearing, the Seeing.
English – Footnote (Hilali)

Narrated Talhah bin ‘Ubaidullah: I asked the Prophet (ﷺ) about the meaning of Subhan Allah. He (ﷺ) said: “(It means:) Glorified (and Exalted) is He (Allah) [above all that (evil) they associate with Him].”
Narrated Jabir bin ‘Abdullah [radhi-yAllahu ‘anhu] that he heard Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) saying, “When the people of Quraish did not believe me [i.e. in the story of my Isra’ — (Night Journey)], I stood up in Al-Hijr and Allah displayed Jerusalem in front of me, and I began describing it to them while I was looking at it.” 
[Sahih Al-Bukhari, 5/3886 (O.P.226)]

English – Tafsir ibn kathir

The Isra’ (Night Journey) 
Allah glorifies Himself,
سُبْحَانَ

Glorified be He,
Allah glorifies Himself, for His ability to do that which none but He can do, for there is no God but He and no Lord besides Him.

 

الَّذِي أَسْرَى بِعَبْدِهِ
Who took His servant for a Journey,
refers to Muhammad. 

 

لَيْلً
by Night,
means, in the depths of the night.

 

مِّنَ الْمَسْجِدِ الْحَرَامِ
from Al-Masjid Al-Haram,
means the Masjid in Makkah.

 

إِلَى الْمَسْجِدِ الَاقْصَى
to Al-Masjid Al-Aqsa,
means the Sacred House which is in Jerusalem, the origin of the Prophets from the time of Ibrahim Al-Khalil.
The Prophets all gathered there, and he (Muhammad) led them in prayer in their own homeland. This indicates that he is the greatest leader of all, may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him and upon them.

 

الَّذِي بَارَكْنَا حَوْلَهُ
the neighborhood whereof We have blessed,
means, its agricultural produce and fruits are blessed

 

لِنُرِيَهُ
in order that We might show him, (i.e., Muhammad),

 

مِنْ ايَاتِنَا
of Our Ayat.
i.e., great signs.
As Allah says:
لَقَدْ رَأَى مِنْ ءَايَـتِ رَبِّهِ الْكُبْرَى
Indeed he did see of the greatest signs, of his Lord (Allah). (53:18)
We will mention below what was narrated in the Sunnah concerning this.

 

إِنَّهُ هُوَ السَّمِيعُ البَصِيرُ

 

 
Verily, He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer.
means, He hears all the words of His servants, believers and disbelievers, faithful and infidel, and He sees them and gives each of them what he deserves in this world and the Hereafter.

Hadiths about Al-Isra’

The Report of Anas bin Malik 
Imam Ahmad reported from Anas bin Malik that the Messenger of Allah said:
أُتِيتُ بالْبُرَاقِ وَهُوَ دَابَّةٌ أَبْيَضُ فَوْقَ الْحِمَارِ وَدُونَ الْبَغْلِ يَضَعُ حَافِرَهُ عِنْدَ مُنْتَهَى طَرَفِهِ 
فَرَكِبْتُهُ فَسَارَ بِي حَتَّى أَتَيْتُ بَيْتَ الْمَقْدِسِ فَرَبَطْتُ الدَّابَّةَ بِالْحَلَقَةِ الَّتِي يَرْبِطُ فِيهَا الاَْنْبِيَاءُ ثُمَّ دَخَلْتُ فَصَلَّيْتُ فِيهِ رَكْعَتَيْنِ
ثُمَّ خَرَجْتُ فَأَتَانِي جِبْرِيلُ بِإِنَاءٍ مِنْ خَمْرٍ وَإِنَاءٍ مِنْ لَبَنٍ فَاخْتَرْتُ اللَّبَنَ
فَقَالَ جِبْرِيلُ أَصَبْتَ الْفِطْرَةَ 

Al-Buraq was brought to me, and it was a white animal bigger than a donkey and smaller than a mule. One stride of this creature covered a distance as far as it could see.
I rode on it and it took me to Bayt Al-Maqdis (Jerusalem), where I tethered it at the hitching post of the Prophets. Then I entered and prayed two Rak`ahs there, and came out.
Jibril brought me a vessel of wine and a vessel of milk, and I chose the milk.
Jibril said:`You have chosen the Fitrah (natural instinct).’
قَالَ ثُمَّ عُرِجَ بِي إِلَى السَّمَاءِ الدُّنْيَا فَاسْتَفْتَحَ جِبْرِيلُ فَقِيلَ لَهُ 
مَنْ أَنْتَ 
قَالَ جِبْرِيلُ 
قِيلَ وَمَنْ مَعَكَ 
قَالَ مُحَمَّدٌ
قِيلَ وَقَدْ أُرْسِلَ إِلَيْهِ 
قَالَ قَدْ أُرْسِلَ إِلَيْهِ
فَفُتِحَ لَنَا فَإِذَا أَنَا بِأدَمَ فَرَحَّبَ بِي وَدَعَا لِي بِخَيْرٍ 
Then I was taken up to the first heaven and Jibril asked for it to be opened.
It was said, `Who are you?’ He said, `Jibril.’
It was said, `Who is with you?’
He said, `Muhammad.’
It was asked, `Has his Mission started?’
He said, `His Mission has started.’
So it was opened for us, and there I saw Adam, who welcomed me and prayed for good for me.
ثُمَّ عُرِجَ بِنَا إِلَى السَّمَاءِ الثَّانِيَةِ

يَحْيَى وَعِيسَى فَرَحَّبَا بِي وَدَعَوَا لِي بِخَيْرٍ
Then I was taken up to the second heaven and Jibril asked for it to be opened. It was said, `Who are you?’
He said, `Jibril.’
It was said, `Who is with you?’
He said, `Muhammad.’
It was asked, `Has his Mission started?’
He said, `His Mission has started.’
So it was opened for us, and there I saw the two maternal cousins, Yahya and `Isa, who welcomed me and prayed for good for me.
ثُمَّ عُرِجَ بِنَا إِلَى السَّمَاءِ الثَّالِثَةِ 

أَنَا بِيُوسُفَ عَلَيْهِ السَّلَمُ وَإِذَا هُوَ قَدْ أُعْطِيَ شَطْرَ الْحُسْنِ فَرَحَّبَ بِي وَدَعَا لِي بِخَيْرٍ

Then I was taken up to the third heaven and Jibril asked for it to be opened. It was said, `Who are you?’
He said, `Jibril.’
It was said, `Who is with you?’
He said, `Muhammad.’
It was asked, `Has his Mission started?’
He said, `His Mission has started.’
So it was opened for us, and there I saw Yusuf, who had been given the beautiful half. He welcomed me and prayed for good for me.
ثُمَّ عُرِجَ بِنَا إِلَى السَّمَاءِ الرَّابِعَةِ 

أَنَا بِإِدْرِيسَ فَرَحَّبَ بِي وَدَعَا لِي بِخَيْرٍ 
Then I was taken up to the fourth heaven and Jibril asked for it to be opened. It was said, `Who are you?’
He said, `Jibril.’
It was said, `Who is with you?’
He said, `Muhammad.’
It was asked, `Has his Mission started?’
He said, `His Mission has started.’
So it was opened for us, and there I saw Idris, who welcomed me and prayed for good for me.
ثُمَّ قَالَ يَقُولُ اللهُ تَعَالَى 
– then (the Prophet) said:Allah says:
وَرَفَعْنَاهُ مَكَاناً عَلِيّاً
And We raised him to a high station. (19:57) 
Then he resumed his narrative:
ثُمَّ عُرِجَ بِنَا إِلَى السَّمَاءِ الخَامِسَةِ

أَنَا بِهَارُونَ فَرَحَّبَ بِي وَدَعَا لِي بِخَيْرٍ 

Then I was taken up to the fifth heaven and Jibril asked for it to be opened. It was said, `Who are you?’
He said, `Jibril.’
It was said, `Who is with you?’
He said, `Muhammad.’
It was asked, `Has his Mission started?’
He said, `His Mission has started.’
So it was opened for us, and there I saw Harun, who welcomed me and prayed for good for me.
ثُمَّ عُرِجَ بِنَا إِلَى السَّمَاءِ السَّادِسَةِ

أَنَابِمُوسَي

 

عَلَيهِ

 

السَّلَمُ فَرَحَّبَ بِي وَدَعَا لِي بِخَيْرٍ 
Then I was taken up to the sixth heaven and Jibril asked for it to be opened. It was said, `Who are you?’
He said, `Jibril.
It was said, `Who is with you?’
He said, `Muhammad.’
It was asked, `Has his Mission started?’
He said, `His Mission has started.’
So it was opened for us, and there I saw Musa, who welcomed me and prayed for good for me.
ثُمَّ عُرِجَ بِنَا إِلَى السَّمَاءِ السَّادِسَةِ

أَنَابِاِبْرَاهِيمَ عَلَيهِالسَّلَمُوَإِذَاهُوَمُسْنتِدٌإِلَيالبَيْتِالمَعْموْرٍ 
Then I was taken up to the seventh heaven and Jibril asked for it to be opened. It was said, `Who are you?’
He said, `Jibril.’
It was said, `Who is with you?’
He said, `Muhammad.’
It was asked, `Has his Mission started?
He said, `His Mission has started.’
So it was opened for us, and there I saw Ibrahim, who was leaning back against the Much-Frequented House (Al-Bayt Al-Ma`mur).
Every day seventy thousand angels enter it, then they never come back to it again.
Then I was taken to Sidrat Al-Muntaha (the Lote tree beyond which none may pass), and its leaves were like the leaves (ears) of elephants and its fruits were like jugs, and when it was veiled with whatever it was veiled with by the command of Allah, it changed, and none of the creatures of Allah can describe it because it is so beautiful.
Then Allah revealed that which He revealed to me.
وَقَدْ فَرَضَ عَلَيَّ فِي كُلِّ يَوْمٍ وَلَيْلَةٍ خَمْسِينَ صَلَاةً
He enjoined on me fifty prayers every day and night.
فَنَزَلَتُ حَتَّى انْتَهَيْتُ إِلَى مُوسَى، قَالَ:مَا فَرَضَ رَبُّك عَلَى أُمَّتِكَ؟
I came down until I reached Musa, and he said, `What did your Lord enjoin on your Ummah!’
قُلْتُ:خَمْسِينَ صَلَاةً فِي كُلِّ يَوْمٍ وَلَيْلَةٍ
I said, `Fifty prayers everyday and night.’
قَالَ:ارْجِعْ إِلَى رَبِّكَ فَاسْأَلْهُ التَّخْفِيفَ لِأُمَّتِكَ، فَإِنَّ أُمَّتَكَ لَا تُطِيقُ ذَلِكَ وَإِنِّي قَدْ بَلَوْتُ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ وَخَبَرْتُهُمْ
He said, `Go back to your Lord and ask Him to reduce (the burden) for your Ummah, for your Ummah will not be able to do that. I tested the Children of Israel and found out how they were.’
قَالَ:فَرَجَعْتُ إِلَى رَبِّيفَاسْأَلْهُ التَّخْفِيفَ لِأُمَّتِك 
So I went back to my Lord and said, `O Lord, reduce (the burden) for my Ummah for they will never be able to do that.’ So He reduced it by five.
I came back down until I met Musa and he asked me, `What did you do?’
I said, `(My Lord) reduced (my burden) by five.’
He said, `Go back to your Lord and ask Him to reduce (the burden) for your Ummah.’
قَالَ:فَلَمْ أَزَلْ أَرْجِعُ بَيْنَ رَبِّي وَبَيْنَ مُوسَى وَيَحُطُّ عَنِّي خَمْسًا خَمْسًا حَتَّى قَالَ
I kept going back between my Lord and Musa, and (my Lord) reduced it by five each time, until He said,
يَا مُحَمَّدُ
هُنَّ خَمْسُ صَلَوَاتٍ فِي كُلِّ يَوْمٍ وَلَيْلَةٍ بِكُلِّ صَلَاةٍ عَشْرٌ، فَتِلْكَ خَمْسُونَ صَلَاةً وَمَنْ هَمَّ بِحَسَنَةٍ فَلَمْ يَعْمَلْهَا كُتِبَتْ لَهُ حَسَنَةً، فَإِنْ عَمِلَهَا كُتِبَتْ عَشْرًا
وَمَنْ هَمَّ بِسَيِّئَةٍ فَلَمْ يَعْمَلْهَا لَمْ تُكْتَبْ شَيْئًا، فَإِنْ عَمِلَهَا كُتِبَتْ سَيِّئَةً وَاحِدَةً،
`O Muhammad,
these are five prayers every day and night, and for every prayer there is (the reward of) ten, so they are (like) fifty prayers.
Whoever wants to do something good then does not do it, one good deed will be recorded for him, and if he does it, ten good deeds will be recorded for him.
Whoever wants to do something evil and does not do it, no evil deed will be recorded for him, and if he does it, one evil deed will be recorded for him.’
I came down until I reached Musa, and told him about this.
He said:`Go back to your Lord and ask him to reduce (the burden) for your Ummah, for they will never be able to do that.’
I had kept going back to my Lord until I felt too shy.
This version was also recorded by Muslim.
Imam Ahmad recorded Anas saying that;

Al-Buraq was brought to the Prophet on the Night of the Isra’ with his saddle and reins ready for riding. The animal shied, and Jibril said to him:
“Why are you doing this! By Allah, no one has ever ridden you who is more honored by Allah than him.”
At this, Al-Buraq started to sweat.
This was also recorded by At-Tirmidhi, who said it is Gharib.
Ahmad also recorded that Anas said:
“The Messenger of Allah said:
لَمَّا عَرَجَ بِي رَبِّي عَزَّ وَجَلَّ مَرَرْتُ بِقَوْمٍ لَهُمْ أَظْفَارٌ مِنْ نُحَاسٍ يَخْمِشُونَ بِهَا وُجُوهَهُمْ وَصُدُورَهُمْ فَقُلْتُ مَنْ هوُلَاءِ يَا جِبْرِيلُ قَالَ هَوُلَاءِ الَّذِينَ يَأْكُلُونَ لُحُومَ النَّاسِ وَيَقَعُونَ فِي أَعْرَاضِهِم
When I was taken up to my Lord (during Al-Mi’raj), I passed by people who had nails of copper with which they were scratching their faces and chests. I asked, `Who are these, O Jibril!’
He said, `These are those who ate the flesh of the people (i.e., backbiting) and slandered their honor.’
This was also recorded by Abu Dawud.
Anas also said that the Messenger of Allah said:
مَرَرْتُ لَيْلَةَ أُسْرِيَ بِي عَلَى مُوسَى عَلَيْهِ السَّلَمُ قَايِمًا يُصَلِّي فِي قَبْرِه
On the night when I was taken on my Night Journey (Al-Isra’), I passed by Musa, who was standing, praying in his grave.
This was also recorded by Muslim.

The Report of Anas bin Malik from Malik bin Sa`sa`ah 
Imam Ahmad recorded that Anas bin Malik said that Malik bin Sa`sa`ah told him that the Prophet of Allah told them about the night in which he was taken on the Night Journey (Al-Isra’).
He said:
بَيْنَمَا أَنَا فِي الْحَطِيمِ وَرُبَّمَا قَالَ قَتَادَةُ فِي الْحِجْرِ مُضْطَجِعًا إِذْ أَتَانِي اتٍ فَجَعَلَ يَقُولُ لِصَاحِبِهِ الاَْوْسَطِ بَيْنَ الثَّلَثَةِ قَالَ فَأَتَانِي فَقَدَّ سَمِعْتُ قَتَادَةَ يَقُولُ فَشَقَّ مَا بَيْنَ هَذِهِ إِلَى هَذِه
While I was lying down in Al-Hatim (or maybe, Qatadah said, in Al-Hijr) ‘someone came to me and said to his companion, `The one who is in the middle of these three.’ He came to me and opened me.
I (one of the narrators) heard Qatadah say, `split me – from here to here.’
Qatadah said:”I said to Al-Jarud, who was beside me, `What does that mean?’
He said, `From the top of his chest to below his navel’, and I heard him say, `from his throat to below his navel’.
The Prophet said:
فَاسْتُخْرِجَ قَلْبِي قَالَ فَأُتِيتُ بِطَسْتٍ مِنْ ذَهَبٍ مَمْلُوءَةٍ إِيمَانًا وَحِكْمَةً فَغُسِلَ قَلْبِي ثُمَّ حُشِيَ ثُمَّ أُعِيدَ ثُمَّ أُتِيتُ بِدَابَّةٍ دُونَ الْبَغْلِ وَفَوْقَ الْحِمَارِ أَبْيَض
He took out my heart and brought a golden vessel filled with faith and wisdom. He washed my heart then filled it up and put it back, then a white animal was brought to me that was smaller than a mule and larger than a donkey.
Al-Jarud said, `Was this Al-Buraq?, O Abu Hamzah!’
He said, `Yes, and its stride covered a distance as far as it could see.’
The Prophet said:
فَحُمِلْتُ عَلَيْهِ فَانْطَلَقَ بِي جِبْرِيلُ عَلَيْهِ السَّلَمُ حَتَّى أَتَى بِي إِلَى السَّمَاءِ الدُّنْيَا فَاسْتَفْتَحَ فَقِيلَ مَنْ هَذَا 
قَالَ جِبْرِيلُ 
قِيلَ وَمَنْ مَعَكَ 
قَالَ مُحَمَّدٌ 
قِيلَ أَوَ قَدْ أُرْسِلَ إِلَيْهِ 
قَالَ نَعَمْ
فَقِيلَ مَرْحَبًا بِهِ وَلَنِعْمَ الْمَجِيءُ جَاءَ
قَالَ فَفُتِحَ لَنَا فَلَمَّا خَلَصْتُ فَإِذَا فِيهَا ادَمُ عَلَيهِ السَّلَامُ 
قَالَ هَذَا أَبُوكَ ادَمُ فَسَلِّمْ عَلَيْهِ فَسَلَّمْتُ عَلَيْهِ فَرَدَّ السَّلَامَ ثُمَّ قَالَ مَرْحَبًا بِالاْابْنِ الصَّالِحِ وَالنَّبِيِّ الصَّالِحِ 
I was mounted upon it and Jibril brought me to the first heaven, and asked for it to be opened. It was said, `Who is this?’
He said, `Jibril.’
It was said, `Who is with you?’
He said, `Muhammad.’
It was said, `Has his Mission started?’
He said, `Yes.’
It was said, `Welcome to him, blessed is the one who comes.’
So it was opened for us and when I entered, I saw Adam.
(Jibril) said, `This is your father Adam, greet him.’ So I greeted him, and he returned the greeting then said, `Welcome to the righteous son and righteous Prophet.’
Then Gabriel ascended with me till we reached the second heaven. Gabriel asked for the gate to be opened. It was asked, ‘Who is it?’
Gabriel answered, ‘Gabriel.’
It was asked, ‘Who is accompanying you?’
Gabriel replied, ‘Muhammad.’
It was asked, ‘Has he been called?’
Gabriel answered in the affirmative.
Then it was said, ‘He is welcomed. What an excellent visit his is!’ The gate was opened.
When I went over the second heaven, there I saw Yahya (i.e. John) and ‘Isa (i.e. Jesus) who were cousins of each other.
Gabriel said (to me), ‘These are Yahya and ‘Isa; pay them your greetings.’ So I greeted them and both of them returned my greetings to me and said, ‘You are welcomed, O pious brother and pious Prophet.’ 
Then Gabriel ascended with me to the third heaven and asked for its gate to be opened. It was asked, ‘Who is it?’
Gabriel replied, ‘Gabriel.’
It was asked, ‘Who is accompanying you?’
Gabriel replied, ‘Muhammad.’
It was asked, ‘Has he been called?’
Gabriel replied in the affirmative.
Then it was said, ‘He is welcomed, what an excellent visit his is!’
The gate was opened, and when I went over the third heaven there I saw Yusuf (Joseph).
Gabriel said (to me), ‘This is Yusuf; pay him your greetings.’
So I greeted him and he returned the greeting to me and said, ‘You are welcomed, O pious brother and pious Prophet.’ 
Then Gabriel ascended with me to the fourth heaven and asked for its gate to be opened. It was asked, ‘Who is it?’
Gabriel replied, ‘Gabriel’
It was asked, ‘Who is accompanying you?’
Gabriel replied, ‘Muhammad.’
It was asked, ‘Has he been called?’
Gabriel replied in the affirmative.
Then it was said, ‘He is welcomed, what an excellent visit his is!’
The gate was opened, and when I went over the fourth heaven, there I saw Idris. Gabriel said (to me), ‘This is Idris; pay him your greetings.’
So I greeted him and he returned the greeting to me and said, ‘You are welcomed, O pious brother and pious Prophet.’
Then I was taken up to the fifth heaven, and (Jibril) asked for it to be opened. It was said, `Who is this?’
He said, `Jibril.’
It was said, `Who is with you?’
He said, `Muhammad.’
It was said, `Has his Mission started?’
He said, `Yes.’
It was said, `Welcome to him, blessed is the one who comes.’
So it was opened for us and when I entered, I saw Harun.
(Jibril) said, `This is Harun, greet him.’ So I greeted him, and he returned the greeting then said, `Welcome to the righteous brother and righteous Prophet.’
Then I was taken up to the sixth heaven, and (Jibril) asked for it to be opened. It was said, `Who is this?’
He said, `Jibril.’
It was said, `Who is with you?’
He said, `Muhammad.’
It was said, `Has his Mission started?’
He said, `Yes.’
It was said, `Welcome to him, blessed is the one who comes.’ So it was opened for us and when I entered, I saw Musa.
(Jibril) said, `This is Musa, greet him.’
So I greeted him, and he returned the greeting then said, `Welcome to the righteous brother and righteous Prophet.’
When I passed by him, he wept, and it was said to him, `Why are you weeping’ He said, `I am weeping because a young man was sent after me and more people from his Ummah than from mine will enter Paradise.’
قَالَ ثُمَّ صَعِدَ حَتَّى أَتَى السَّمَاءَ السَّابِعَةَ

هَذَا إبْرَاهِيمُ فَسَلِّمْ عَلَيْهِ قَالَ فَسَلَّمْتُ عَلَيْهِ فَرَدَّ السَّلَمَ ثُمَّ قَالَ مَرْحَبًا بِالاْبْنِ الصَّالِحِ وَالنَّبِيِّ الصَّالِحِ
Then I was taken up to the seventh heaven, and (Jibril) asked for it to be opened. It was said, `Who is this?’
He said, `Jibril.’
It was said, `Who is with you?’
He said, `Muhammad’.
It was said, `Has his Mission started?’
He said, `Yes.’
It was said, `Welcome to him, blessed is the one who comes.’
So it was opened for us and when I entered, I saw Ibrahim.
(Jibril) said, `This is Ibrahim, greet him.’
So I greeted him, and he returned the greeting then said, `Welcome to the righteous son and righteous Prophet.’
قَالَ ثُمَّ رُفِعَتْ إِلَيَّ سِدْرَةُ الْمُنْتَهَى فَإِذَا نَبْقُهَا مِثْلُ قِلَالِ هَجَرَ وَإِذَا وَرَقُهَا مِثْلُ اذَانِ الْفِيَلةِ 
فَقَالَ هَذِهِ سِدْرَةُ الْمُنْتَهَى قَالَ وَإِذَا أَرْبَعَةُ أَنْهَارٍ نَهْرَانِ بَاطِنَانِ وَنَهْرَانِ ظَاهِرَانِ 
فَقُلْتُ مَا هَذَا يَا جِبْرِيلُ 
قَالَ أَمَّا الْبَاطِنَانِ فَنَهْرَانِ فِي الْجَنَّةِ وَأَمَّا الظَّاهِرَانِ فَالنِّيلُ وَالْفُرَاتُ
قَالَ ثُمَّ رُفِعَ إِلَيَّ الْبَيْتُ الْمَعْمُور
Then I was taken up to Sidrat Al-Muntaha, whose fruits like the clay jugs of Hajar (a region in Arabia) and its leaves were like the ears of elephants.
(Jibril) said:`This is Sidrat Al-Muntaha.’ And there were four rivers, two hidden and two visible.
I said, `What is this, O Jibril’
He said, `The two hidden rivers are rivers in Paradise, and the two visible rivers are the Nile and the Euphrates.’
Then I was shown Al-Bayt Al-Ma`mur.
Qatadah said:
Al-Hasan told us narrating from Abu Hurayrah that the Prophet saw Al-Bayt Al-Ma`mur. Each day seventy thousand angels enter it, then they never return from it.
Then he continued to narrate the Hadith of Anas;
ثُمَّ أُتِيتُ بِإِنَاءٍ مِنْ خَمْرٍ وَإِنَاءٍ مِنْ لَبَنٍ وَإِنَاءٍ مِنْنَعسَلٍ 
قَالَ فَأَخَذْتُ اللَّبَنَ قَالَ هَذِهِ الْفِطْرَةُ أَنْتَ عَلَيْهَا وَأُمَّتُكَ
Then I was brought a vessel of wine, a vessel of milk and a vessel of honey.
I chose the milk, and he (Jibril) said, `This is the Fitrah (natural instinct) on which you and your Ummah will be.’
قَالَ ثُمَّ فُرِضَتْ عَلَيَّ الصَّلَاةُ خَمْسِينَ صَلَاةً كُلَّ يَوْمٍ
Then the prayer was enjoined upon me, fifty prayers each day.
قَالَ فَنَزَلْتُ حَتَّى أَتَيْتُ مُوسَى فَقَالَ مَا فَرَضَ رَبُّكَ عَلَى أُمَّتِكَ 
I came down until I reached Musa, who said, `What did your Lord enjoin upon your Ummah?’
قَالَ فَقُلْتُ خَمْسِينَ صَلَاةً كُلَّ يَوْمٍ 
I said, `Fifty prayers each day.’
قَالَ إِنَّ أُمَّتَكَ لَاا تَسْتَطِيعُ خَمْسِينَ صَلَاةً وَإِنِّي قَدْ خَبَرْتُ النَّاسَ قَبْلَكَ وَعَالَجْتُ بَنِي إِسْرَايِيلَ أَشَدَّ الْمُعَالَجَةِ فَارْجِعْ إِلَى رَبِّكَ فَاسْأَلْهُ التَّخْفِيفَ لاِاُمَّتِكَ
He said, `Your Ummah will not be able to do fifty prayers each day. I tried the people before you, I had to deal with the Children of Israel and it was very difficult for me. Go back to your Lord and ask Him to reduce the burden on your Ummah.’
قَالَ فَرَجَعْتُ فَوَضَعَ عَنِّي عَشْرًا

فَاسْأَلْهُ التَّخْفِيفَ لاِاُمَّتِكَ

So I went back, and the number was reduced by ten. I came back to Musa and he asked, `What were you commanded to do?’
I said, `Forty prayers each day.’
He said, `Your Ummah will not be able to do forty prayers each day. I tried the people before you, I had to deal with the Children of Israel and it was very difficult for me. Go back to your Lord and ask Him to reduce the burden on your Ummah.’
قَالَ فَرَجَعْتُ فَوَضَعَ عَنِّي عَشْرًا أُخَرَ…

فَاسْأَلْهُ التَّخْفِيفَ لاِاُمَّتِكَ 

So I went back, and the number was reduced by ten.
I came back to Musa and he asked, `What were you commanded to do?’
I said, `I was commanded to do thirty prayers each day.’
He said, `Your Ummah will not be able to do thirty prayers each day. I tried the people before you, I had to deal with the Children of Israel and it was very difficult for me. Go back to your Lord and ask Him to reduce the burden on your Ummah.’
قَالَ فَرَجَعْتُ فَوَضَعَ عَنِّي عَشْرًا أُخَرَ…

فَاسْأَلْهُ التَّخْفِيفَ لاِاُمَّتِكَ 

So I went back, and the number was reduced by ten.
I came back to Musa and he asked, `What were you commanded to do?’
I said, `Twenty prayers each day.’
He said, `Your Ummah will not be able to do twenty prayers each day. I tried the people before you, I had to deal with the Children of Israel and it was very difficult for me. Go back to your Lord and ask Him to reduce the burden on your Ummah.’
قَالَ فَرَجَعْتُ فَوَضَعَ عَنِّي عَشْرًا أُخَرَ…

فَاسْأَلْهُ التَّخْفِيفَ لاِاُمَّتِكَ
So I went back, and the number was reduced by ten more.
I came back to Musa and he asked, `What were you commanded to do?’
I said, `Ten prayers each day.’
He said, `Your Ummah will not be able to do ten prayers each day. I tried the people before you, I had to deal with the Children of Israel and it was very difficult for me. Go back to your Lord and ask Him to reduce the burden on your Ummah.’
قَالَ فَرَجَعْتُ فَأُمِرْتُ بِخَمْسِ صَلَواتٍ كُلَّ يَوْمٍ…

فَاسْأَلْهُ التَّخْفِيفَ لاِاُمَّتِكَ 

So I went back, and I was commanded to do five prayers every day.
I came back to Musa and he asked, `What were you commanded to do?’
I said, `Five prayers each day.’
He said, `Your Ummah will not be able to do five prayers each day. I tried the people before you, I had to deal with the Children of Israel and it was very difficult for me. Go back to your Lord and ask Him to reduce the burden on your Ummah.’
قَالَ قُلْتُ قَدْ سَأَلْتُ رَبِّي حَتَّى اسْتَحْيَيْتُ وَلَكِنْ أَرْضَى وَأُسَلِّمُ 
I said, `I have asked my Lord until I feel too shy. I accept this and submit to Him.’
فَنَفَذْتُ فَنَادَى مُنَادٍ قَدْ أَمْضَيْتُ فَرِيضَتِي وَخَفَّفْتُ عَنْ عِبَادِي
Then a voice called out:`My order has been decreed and I have reduced the burden on My servants.’
Similar narrations were recorded in the Two Sahihs.

The Report of Anas from Abu Dharr 
Al-Bukhari recorded that Anas bin Malik said:
Abu Dharr used to tell us that the Messenger of Allah said:
فُرِجَ عَنْ سَقْفِ بَيْتِي وَأَنَا بِمَكَّةَ فَنَزَلَ جِبْرِيلُ فَفَرَجَ صَدْرِي ثُمَّ غَسَلَهُ بِمَاءِ زَمْزَمَ ثُمَّ جَاءَ بِطَسْتٍ مِنْ ذَهَبٍ مُمْتَلِىءٍ حِكْمَةً وَإِيمَانًا فَأَفْرَغَهُ فِي صَدْرِي ثُمَّ أَطْبَقَهُ ثُمَّ أَخَذَ بِيَدِي فَعَرَجَ بِي إِلَى السَّمَاءِ الدُّنْيَا 
The roof of my house was opened while I was in Makkah, and Jibril came down and opened my chest, then he washed it with Zamzam water. Then he brought a vessel of gold filled with wisdom and faith, and poured it into my chest, then he closed it up. Then he took me by the hand and took me up to the lowest heaven.
فَلَمَّا جِيْتُ إِلَى السَّمَاءِ قَالَ جِبْرِيلُ لِخَازِنِ السَّمَاءِ افْتَحْ
قَالَ مَنْ هَذَا 
قَالَ جِبْرِيلُ 
قَالَ هَلْ مَعَكَ أَحَدٌ 
قَالَ نَعَمْ مَعِيَ مُحَمَّدٌ

 

صلى الله عليه وسلّم 

فَقَالَ أُرْسِلَ إِلَيْهِ 

قَالَ نَعَمْ

When we came to the lowest heaven, Jibril said to its keeper, `Open up!’
He said, `Who is this?’
He said, `Jibril.’
He said, `Is there anyone with you?’
He said, `Yes, Muhammad is with me.’
He said, `Has his Mission started?’
He said, `Yes.’
فَلَمَّا فَتَحَ عَلَوْنَا السَّمَاءَ الدُّنْيَا فَإِذَا رَجُلٌ قَاعِدٌ عَلَى يَمِينِهِ أَسْوِدَةٌ وَعَلَى يَسَارِهِ أَسْوِدَةٌ إِذَا نَظَرَ قِبَلَ يَمِينِهِ ضَحِكَ وَإِذَا نَظَرَ قِبَلَ شِمَالِهِ بَكَى 

When it was opened, we went up into the first heaven, where I saw a man sitting with a multitude to his right and another to his left. When he looked to his right he smiled, and when he looked to his left, he wept.
فَقَالَ مَرْحَبًا بِالنَّبِيِّ الصَّالِحِ وَالاْبْنِ الصَّالِحِ

He said, `Welcome to the righteous Prophet and the righteous son.’
قَالَ قُلْتُ لِجِبْرِيلَ مَنْ هَذَا 

قَالَ هَذَا ادَمُ وَهَذِهِ الاْاَسْوِدَةُ عَنْ يَمِينِهِ وَعَنْ شِمَالِهِ نَسَمُ بَنِيهِ فَأَهْلُ الْيَمِينِ مِنْهُمْ أَهْلُ الْجَنَّةِ وَالاْاَسْوِدَةُ الَّتِي عَنْ شِمَالِهِ أَهْلُ النَّارِ فَإِذَا نَظَرَ عَنْ يَمِينِهِ ضَحِكَ وَإِذَا نَظَرَ عَنْ شِمَالِهِ بَكَى 

I said to Jibril, `Who is this?’
He said, `This is Adam, and these multitudes to his right and left are the souls of his descendants. The people on his right include the people of Paradise, and the people on his left include the people of Hell, so when he looks to his right he smiles, and when he looks to his left he weeps.’
ثُمَّ عَرَجَ بِي إِلَى السَّمَاءِ الثَّانِيَة

Then he took me up to the second heaven… 

 Then we passed by Ibrahim, who said, `Welcome to the righteous Prophet and the righteous son.’
قُلْتُ مَنْ هَذَا قَالَ هَذَا إِبْرَاهِيم

I said, `Who is this?’
ثُمَّ مَرَرْتُ بِإِبْرَاهِيمَ

He said, `This is Ibrahim.’
فَقَالَ مَرْحبًا بِالنَّبِيِّ الصَّالِحِ وَالاْبْنِ الصَّالِحِ 

He said, `Welcome to the righteous Prophet and the righteous son.’
Az-Zuhri said:Ibn Hazm told me that Ibn Abbas and Abu Habbah Al-Ansari used to say:
the Prophet narrated here –
ثُمَّ عُرِجَ بِي حَتَّى ظَهَرْتُ لِمُسْتَوًى أَسْمَعُ فِيهِ صَرِيفَ الاَْقْلَم
Then I was taken up until I reached a level where I could hear the sound of the pens.
Ibn Hazm and Anas bin Malik said:the Messenger of Allah said:
فَفَرَضَ اللهُ عَلَى أُمَّتِي خَمْسِينَ صَلَةً 
Allah enjoined upon my Ummah fifty prayers.
فَرَجَعْتُ بِذَلِكَ حَتَّى مَرَرْتُ عَلَى مُوسَى عَلَيْهِ السَّلَمُ فَقَالَ مَا فَرَضَ اللهُ عَلَى أُمَّتِكَ 
I came back with this (message) until I passed by Musa, who said, `What did your Lord enjoin upon your Ummah?’
قُلْتُ فَرَضَ خَمْسِينَ صَلَةً 
I said, `He enjoined fifty prayers.’
قَالَ مُوسَى فَارْجِعْ إِلَى رَبِّكَ فَإِنَّ أُمَّتَكَ لَاا تُطِيقُ ذَلِكَ 
Musa said, `Go back to your Lord, for your Ummah will not be able to do that.’
فَرَجَعْتُ فَوَضَعَ شَطْرَهَا

فَإِنَّ أُمَّتَكَ لَاإ تُطِيقُ ذَلِكَ 
So I went back, and He reduced it by half.
Then I came back to Musa and said, `It has been reduced by half.’
He said, `Go back to your Lord, for your Ummah will not be able to do that.’
فَرَجَعْتُ فَوَضَعَ شَطْرَهَا…

فَإِنَّ أُمَّتَكَ لَاإ تُطِيقُ ذَلِكَ

So I went back, and it was reduced by half.
I came back to him, and he said, `Go back to your Lord, for your Ummah will not be able to do that.’
فَرَاجَعْتُهُ فَقَالَ هِيَ خَمْسٌ وَهِيَ خَمْسُونَ لَا يُبَدَّلُ الْقَوْلُ لَدَيَّ 
So I went back, and He said:`They are five but equal in reward to fifty, for My word does not change.’
فَرَجَعْتُ إِلَى مُوسَى فَقَالَ ارْجِعْ إِلَى رَبِّكَ 
I came back to Musa and he said, `Go back to your Lord.’
قُلْتُ قَدِ اسْتَحْيَيْتُ مِنْ رَبِّي 
I said, `I feel too shy before my Lord.’
ثُمَّ انْطَلَقَ بِي حَتَّى انْتَهَى إِلَى سِدْرَةِ الْمُنْتَهَى فَغَشِيَهَا أَلْوَانٌ لَا أَدْرِي مَااِهيَ ثُمَّ أُدْخِلْتُ الْجَنَّةَ فَإِذَا فِيهَا حَبَايِلُ اللُّوْلُوِ وَإِذَا تُرَابُهَا الْمِسْك
Then I was taken up until I reached Sidrat Al-Muntaha, which was veiled in indescribable colors. Then I entered Paradise, in which I saw nets of pearls and its soil of musk. 
This version was recorded by Al-Bukhari in the Book of Prayer.
He also reported in the Book of Tafsir, under the discussion of Bani Isra’il (i.e., Surah Al-Isra’), the Book of Hajj and the Stories of the Prophets, via different chains of narration from Yunus.
Muslim recorded similar Hadiths in his Sahih in the Book of Faith.
Imam Ahmad recorded that Abdullah bin Shaqiq said:
I said to Abu Dharr, “If I had seen the Messenger of Allah, I would have asked him.”
He said, “What would you have asked him?”
He said, “I would have asked him, if he saw his Lord?”
He said, “I did ask him that, and he said,
قَدْ رَأَيْتُهُ نُورًا أَنَّى أَرَاه
I saw it as light, how could I see Him!”
This is how it was narrated in the report of Imam Ahmad.
Muslim recorded that Abdullah bin Shaqiq said that Abu Dharr said:
“I asked the Messenger of Allah, `Did you see your Lord?’
He said,
نُورٌ أَنَّى أَرَاه
(I saw) a light, how could I see Him?”
Abdullah bin Shaqiq said:I said to Abu Dharr, “If I had seen the Messenger of Allah, I would have asked him.”
He said, “What would you have asked him?”
He said, “I would have asked him, `Did you see your Lord?”
Abu Dharr said, “I asked him that, and he said,
رَأَيْتُ نُورًا
I saw light. 

The Report of Jabir bin Abdullah 
Imam Ahmad recorded that Jabir bin Abdullah said that he heard the Messenger of Allah say:
لَمَّا كَذَّبَتْنِي قُرَيْشٌ حِينَ أُسْرِيَ بِي إِلَى بَيْتِ الْمَقْدِسِ قُمْتُ فِي الْحِجْرِ فَجَلَى اللهُ لِي بَيْتَ الْمَقْدِسِ فَطَفِقْتُ أُخْبِرُهُمْ عَنْ ايَاتِهِ وَأَنَا أَنْظُرُ إِلَيْه
When Quraysh did not believe that I had been taken on the Night Journey to Bayt Al-Maqdis, I stood up in Al-Hijr and Allah displayed Bayt Al-Maqdis before me, so I told them about its features while I was looking at it.
This was also reported in the Two Sahihs with different chains of narration.
According to Al-Bayhaqi, Ibn Shihab said that Abu Salamah bin Abdur-Rahman said:
Some people from Quraish went to Abu Bakr and said, “Have you heard what your companion is saying He is claiming that he went to Bayt Al-Maqdis and came back to Makkah in one night!”
Abu Bakr said, “Did he say that!” 
They said, “Yes.”
Abu Bakr said, “Then I bear witness that if he said that, he is speaking the truth.”
They said, “You believe that he went to Ash-Sham (Greater Syria) in one night and came back to Makkah before morning!”
He said, “Yes, I believe him with regard to something even more than that. I believe him with regard to the revelation that comes to him from heaven.”
Abu Salamah said, from then on Abu Bakr was known as As-Siddiq (the true believer).

The Report of Abdullah bin Abbas 
Imam Ahmad recorded that Ibn Abbas said:
“On the night when the Messenger of Allah was taken on his Night Journey, he entered Paradise, in some part of which he heard a sound.
He said, `O Jibril, what is this?’
He said, `This is Bilal, the Mu’adhdhin.’
When the Prophet came back to the people, he said,
قَدْ أَفْلَحَ بِلَلٌ رَأَيْتُ لَهُ كَذَا وَكَذَا
Bilal has succeeded, I saw that he will have such and such.
He (the Prophet) was met by Musa, who welcomed him and said, `Welcome to the Unlettered Prophet.’
He was a tall, dark man with lank hair coming down to his ears or above his ears.
He said, `Who is this, O Jibril!’
He said, `This is Musa.’
Then he went on and met a venerable, distinguished old man, who welcomed him and greeted him with Salam, and all of them were greeting him. He said, `Who is this?, O Jibril!’
He said, `This is your father Ibrahim.’
Then he looked into Hell and saw some people eating rotten meat. He said, `Who are these people, O Jibril!’
He said, `They are those who used to eat the flesh of the people (i.e., backbiting).’
He saw a man who was very red and dark blue, and said, `Who is this, O Jibril!’
He said, `This is the one who slaughtered the she-camel (of Salih).’
When the Messenger of Allah came to Al-Masjid Al-Aqsa, he stood up to pray, and all the Prophets gathered and prayed with him. When he finished, he was brought two cups, one on his right and one on his left, one containing milk and one containing honey. He took the milk and drank it, and the one who was carrying the cup said, `You have chosen the Fitrah (natural instinct).”‘
The chain of narrators is Sahih, although they (Al-Bukhari and Muslim) did not record it.
Imam Ahmad reported that Ibn Abbas said:
“The Messenger of Allah was taken on the Night Journey to Bayt Al-Maqdis, then he came back and told them about his journey and the features of Bayt Al-Maqdis and the caravan (of Quraysh).
Some people said, `We do not believe what Muhammad is saying,’ and they left Islam and became disbelievers. Allah destroyed them when He destroyed Abu Jahl.
Abu Jahl said:`Muhammad is trying to scare us with the tree of Zaqqum; bring some dates and butter and let us have some Zaqqum!’
The Prophet also saw the Dajjal in his true form, in real life, not in a dream, and he saw `Isa, Musa and Ibrahim.
The Prophet was asked about the Dajjal, and he said:
رَأَيْتُهُ فَيلَمَانِيًا أَقْمَرَ هِجَانًا إِحْدَى عَيْنَيْهِ قَايِمَةٌ كَأَنَّهَا كَوْكَبٌ دُرِّيٌّ كَأَنَّ شَعْرَ رَأْسِهِ أَغْصَانُ شَجَرَةٍ 
I saw him as a tall and huge man, with a whitish complexion. One of his eyes stood out like a shining star. The hair on his head looked like the branches of a tree.
وَرَأَيْتُ عِيسَى عَلَيْهِ السَّلَمُ شابًّا أَبْيَضَ جَعْدَ الرَّأْسِ حَدِيدَ الْبَصَرِ وَمُبَطَّنَ الْخَلْقِ 
And I saw `Isa, white with curly hair and an intense gaze, of average build.
وَرَأَيْتُ مُوسَى عَلَيْهِ السَّلَمُ أَسْحَمَ ادَمَ كَثِيرَ الشَّعْرِ شَدِيدَ الْخَلْقِ 
I saw Musa, dark-skinned, with a lot of hair and a strong build.
وَنَظَرْتُ إِلَى إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَلَيْهِ السَّلَمُ فَلَمْ أَنْظُرْ إِلَى إِرْبٍ مِنْهُ إِلاَّ نَظَرْتُ إِلَيْهِ مِنِّي حَتَّى كَأَنَّهُ صَاحِبُكُمْ 
قَالَ جِبْرِيلُ سَلِّمْ عَلَى أَبِيكَ فَسَلَّمْتُ عَلَيْه
I looked at Ibrahim and did not see anything in him that I do not see in myself; it is as if he were your companion (meaning himself).
Jibril said:`Greet your father with Salam,’ so I greeted him with Salam.
This was also recorded by An-Nasa’i from the Hadith of Abu Zayd Thabit bin Yazid from Hilal, who is Ibn Khabbab, and it is a Sahih chain of narrators.
Al-Bayhaqi recorded that Abu Al-Aliyah said:”The cousin of your Prophet, Ibn Abbas narrated to us from the Messenger of Allah, he said:
Allah’s Messenger said,
رَأَيْتُ لَيْلَةَ أُسْرِيَ بِي مُوسَى بْنَ عِمْرَانَ رَجُلًأ طُوَالاًأ جَعْدًا كَأَنَّهُ مِنْ رِجَالِ شَنُوءَةَ وَرَأَيْتُ عِيسَى ابْنَ مَرْيَمَ عَلَيْهِ السَّلَأمُ مَرْبُوعَ الْخَلْقِ إِلَى الْحُمْرَةِ وَالْبَيَاضِ سَبْطَ الرَّأس
On the night when I was taken on the Night Journey, I saw Musa bin Imran, a tall, curly-haired man, as if he was from the tribe of Shanu’ah. And I saw `Isa bin Maryam, of medium stature, white with a reddish complexion, with straight hair.
And he was shown Malik, the keeper of Hell, and the Dajjal, with the signs that Allah revealed to him.’
He said,
فَلَ تَكُن فِى مِرْيَةٍ مِّن لِّقَأيِهِ
So be not you in doubt of meeting him. (32:33) 
Qatadah used to interpret this to mean that the Prophet of Allah met Musa.
وَجَعَلْنَاهُ هُدًى لِّبَنِى إِسْرَءِيلَ
And We made it (or him) a guide to the Children of Israel. (32:33)
Qatadah said:
“(This means) Allah made Musa a guide for the Children of Israel.”
Muslim reported this in his Sahih, and Al-Bukhari and Muslim recorded a shorter version from Qatadah.
Imam Ahmad also recorded that Ibn Abbas said:
“The Messenger of Allah said:
لَمَّا كَانَ لَيْلَةَ أُسْرِيَ بِي فَأَصْبَحْتُ بِمَكَّةَ فَظِعْتُ وَعَرَفْتُ أَنَّ النَّاسَ مُكَذِّبِي
On the night when I was taken on the Night Journey, I woke up in Makkah the next morning having anxiety that, I knew that the people would not believe me.
He kept away from people, feeling anxious and sad, then the enemy of Allah Abu Jahl passed by him and came to sit with him, saying mockingly, `Is there anything new!’
The Messenger of Allah said, 

نَعَم

 (Yes).
He said, `What is it?’
He said, 

إِنِّي أُسْرِيَ بِي اللَّيْلَة

 (I was taken on a Journey last night).
He said, `Where to?’
He said, 

إِلَى بَيْتِ الْمَقْدِس

 (To Bayt Al-Maqdis).
He said, `Then this morning you were among us!’
He said, 

نَعَم

 (Yes). 
Abu Jahl did not want to say to his face that he was lying, lest he deny saying it when he called other people to hear him, so he said:`Do you think that if I call your people, you will tell them about what happened!’
The Messenger of Allah said, 

نَعَم

 (Yes). 
Abu Jahl said, `O people of Bani Ka`b bin Lu’ay!’
People got up from where they were sitting and came to join them.
Abu Jahl said, `Tell your people what you told me.’
The Messenger of Allah said, 

إِنِّي أُسْرِيَ بِي اللَّيْلَة

 (I was taken on a Journey last night).
They said, `Where to!’
He said, 

إِلَى بَيْتِ الْمَقْدِس

 (To Bayt Al-Maqdis).
They said, `Then this morning you were among us!’
He said, 

نَعَم

 (Yes). 
They began to clap their hands together and put their hands on their heads in astonishment at this “lie” – as they claimed it to be.
They said, `Can you describe the sanctuary to us!’
Among them were some who had traveled to that land and seen the sanctuary, so the Messenger of Allah said,
فَمَا زِلْتُ أَنْعَتُ حَتَّى الْتَبَسَ عَلَيَّ بَعْضُ النَّعْتِ قَالَ فَجِيءَ بِالْمَسْجِدِ وَأَنَا أَنْظُرُ إِلَيْهِ حَتَّى وُضِعَ دُونَ دَارِ عُقَيلٍ أَوْ عِقَالٍ فَنَعَتُّهُ وَأَنَا أَنْظُرُ إِلَيْهِ
قَالَ وَكَانَ مَعَ هَذَا نَعْتٌ لَمْ أَحْفَظْهُ
قَالَ فَقَالَ الْقَوْمُ أَمَّا النَّعْتُ فَوَاللهِ لَقَدْ أَصَابَ فِيه
I started to describe it, until I reached a point where I was not sure about some of the details, but then the sanctuary was brought close and placed near the house of `Uqayl – or `Iqal – so I could look at it and describe the details.
I could not remember those description.
The people said, `As for the description, by Allah he has got it right.”
This was recorded by An-Nasa’i and Al-Bayhaqi.

The Report of Abdullah bin Mas`ud 
Al-Hafiz Abu Bakr Al-Bayhaqi reported that Abdullah bin Mas`ud said:
“When the Messenger of Allah was taken on the Night Journey, he went as far as Sidrat Al-Muntaha, which is in the sixth heaven. Everything that ascends stops there, until it is taken from that point, and everything that comes down stops there, until it is taken from there.
إِذْ يَغْشَى السِّدْرَةَ مَا يَغْشَى
When that covered As-Sidrat Al-Muntaha which did cover it! (53:16)
Ibn Mas`ud said:
“It is covered with gold butterflies. The Messenger of Allah was given the five prayers and the final Ayat of Surah Al-Baqarah, and forgiveness was granted for major sins to those who do not associate anything in worship with Allah.”
This was recorded by Muslim in his Sahih.

The Report of Abu Hurayrah 
Al-Bukhari and Muslim reported in their Sahihs that Abu Hurayrah said:
the Messenger of Allah said:
حِينَ أُسْرِيَ بِي لَقِيتُ مُوسَى عَلَيهِ السَّلَمُ
فَنَعَتَهُ فَإِذَا رَجُلٌ حَسِبْتُهُ قَالَ مُضْطَرِبٌ رَجِلُ الرَّأْسِ كَأَنَّهُ مِنْ رِجَالِ شَنُوءَةَ 
When I was taken on the Night Journey, I met Musa.
He described him as a man – I think he said – a curly-haired man, as if he were from the tribe of Shanu’ah.
قَالَ وَلَقِيتُ عِيسَى
فَنَعَتَهُ النَّبِيُّصلى الله عليه وسلّم قَالَ رَبْعَةٌ أَحْمَرُ كَأَنَّمَا خَرَجَ مِنْ دِيمَاسٍ يَعْنِي حَمَّامًا 
And I met `Isa.
And the Prophet described him as being of average height, with a reddish complexion, as if he had just come out of the bath.
قَالَ وَلَقِيتُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَأَنَا أَشْبَهُ وَلَدِهِ بِهِ 
And I met Ibrahim, and I am the one who resembles him most among his children.
قَالَ وَأُتِيتُ بِإِنَاءَيْنِ فِي أَحَدِهِمَا لَبَنٌ وَفِي الاْاخَرِ خَمْرٌ 
قِيلَ لِي خُذْ أَيَّهُمَا شِيْتَ فَأَخَذْتُ اللَّبَنَ فَشَرِبْتُ فَقِيلَ لِي 
I was brought two vessels, one containing milk and the other containing wine.
It was said to me, `Take whichever one you want.’ So I took the milk and drank it, and it was said to me,
هُدِيتَ الْفِطْرَةَ أَوْ أَصَبْتَ الْفِطْرَةَ أَمَا إِنَّكَ لَوْ أَخَذْتَ الْخَمْرَ غَوَتْ أُمَّتُك
`You have been guided to the Fitrah – or – You have chosen the Fitrah. If you had chosen the wine, your Ummah would have gone astray.”‘
They also recorded it with another chain of narrators.
Muslim recorded that Abu Hurayrah said:
“The Messenger of Allah said:
لَقَدْ رَأَيْتُنِي فِي الْحِجْرِ وَقُرَيْشٌ تَسْأَلُنِي عَنْ مَسْرَايَ فَسَأَلُونِي عَنْ أَشْيَاءَ مِنْ بَيْتِ الْمَقْدِسِ لَمْ أُثْبِتْهَا فَكُرِبْتُ كُرْبَةً مَا كُرِبْتُ مِثْلَهُ قَطُّ فَرَفَعَهُ اللهُ إِليَّ أَنْظُرُ إِلَيْهِ مَا سَأَلُونِي عَنْ شَيْءٍ إِلاَّ أَنْبَأْتُهُمْ بِهِ 
I remember being in Al-Hijr, and the Quraysh were asking me about my Night Journey. They asked me things about Bayt Al-Maqdis that I was not sure of, and I felt more anxious and stressed then than I have ever felt. Then Allah raised up Bayt Al-Maqdis for me to see, and there was nothing they asked me about but I told them about it.
وَقَدْ رَأَيْتُنِي فِي جَمَاعَةٍ مِنَ الاَْنْبِيَاءِ وَإِذَا مُوسَى قَايِمٌ يُصَلِّي وَإِذَا هُوَ رَجُلٌ جَعْدٌ كَأَنَّهُ مِنْ رِجَالِ شَنُوءَةَ 
And I remember being in a gathering of the Prophets. Musa was standing there praying, and he was a man with curly hair, as if he were one of the men of Shanu’ah.
وَإِذَا عِيسَى ابْنُ مَرْيَمَ قَايِمٌ يُصَلِّي أَقْرَبُ النَّاسِ شَبَهًا بِهِ عَرْوَةُ بْنُ مَسْعُودٍ الثَّقَفِيُّ 
I saw `Isa bin Maryam standing there praying, and the one who most resembles him is `Urwah bin Mas`ud Ath-Thaqafi.
وَإِذَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ قَايِمٌ يُصَلِّي أَقْرَبُ النَّاسِ شَبَهًا بِهِ صَاحِبُكُمْ يَعْنِي نَفْسَهُ
And I saw Ibrahim standing there praying, and the one who most resembles him is your companion (meaning himself).
فَحَانَتِ الصَّلَةُ فَأَمَمْتُهُمْ فَلَمَّا فَرَغْتُ قَالَ قَايِلٌ يَا مُحَمَّدُ هَذَا مَالِكُ خَازِنُ جَهَنَّمَ فَسَلِّمْ عَلَيْهِ فَالْتَفَتُّ إِلَيْهِ فَبَدَأَنِي بِالسَّلَم
Then the time for prayer came, and I led them in prayer. When I finished, a voice said, `O Muhammad, this is Malik, the keeper of Hell,’ so I turned to him, and he greeted me first.”

The Time that Isra’ took place, and the Fact that it included both Body and Soul, when the Prophet was awake, not in a Dream 
Musa bin Uqbah said, narrating from Az-Zuhri:
“The Isra’ happened one year before the Hijrah.”
This was also the opinion of Urwah.
As-Suddi said:
“It happened sixteen months before the Hijrah.”
The truth is that the Prophet was taken on the Night Journey when he was awake, not in a dream, and he went from Makkah to Bayt Al-Maqdis riding on Al-Buraq.
When he reached the door of the sanctuary, he tied up his animal by the door and entered, where he prayed two Rak`ahs to `greet the Masjid’.
Then the Mi`raj was brought to him, which is a ladder with steps which one climbs up. So he went up on it to the first heaven, then he went up to the rest of the seven heavens.
In each heaven he was welcomed by the most pious of its inhabitants, and he greeted the Prophets who were in the various heavens according to their positions and status.
He passed by Musa, the one who spoke with Allah, in the sixth heaven, and Ibrahim, the close friend (Khalil) of Allah in the seventh heaven.
Then he surpassed them and all the Prophets in status and reached a level where he could hear the creaking of the pens, i.e., the pens of destiny which write down what is decreed to happen.
He saw Sidrat Al-Muntaha, covered by the command of Allah, and its greatness, its butterflies of gold and various colors, surrounded by the angels. There he saw Jibril in his real form, with six hundred wings.
He saw green cushions blocking the horizon. He saw Al-Bayt Al-Ma`mur, and Ibrahim Al-Khalil, the builder of the earthly Ka`bah, leaning back against it, the heavenly Ka`bah; every day, seventy thousand angels enter and worship therein, then they do not return to it until the Day of Resurrection.
He saw Paradise and Hell, and Allah enjoined upon him fifty prayers, then reduced it to five, as an act of mercy and kindness towards His servants. In this is a strong indication of the greatness and virtue of the prayers.
Then he came back down to Bayt Al-Maqdis, and the Prophets came down with him and he led them in prayer there when the time for prayer came. It may have been the dawn prayer of that day.
Some people claim that he led them in prayer in heaven, but the reports seem to say that it was in Bayt Al-Maqdis.
In some reports it says that it happened when he first entered (i.e., before ascending into the heavens), but it is more likely that it was after he came back, because when he passed by them in the places in the heavens, he asked Jibril about them, one by one, and Jibril told him about them. This is more appropriate, because he was first required to come before the Divine Presence, so that what Allah willed could be enjoined upon him and his Ummah. When the matter for which he was required had been dealt with, he and his brother-Prophets gathered, and his virtue and high position in relation to them became apparent when he was asked to come forward to lead them, which was when Jibril indicated to him that he should do so.
Then he came out of Bayt Al-Maqdis and rode on Al-Buraq back to Makkah in the darkness of the night. And Allah knows best.
As for his being presented with the vessels containing milk and honey, or milk and wine, or milk and water, or all of these, some reports say that this happened in Bayt Al-Maqdis, and others say that it happened in the heavens. It is possible that it happened in both places, because it is like offering food or drink to a guest when he arrives, and Allah knows best.
The Prophet was taken on the Night Journey with body and soul, he was awake, not asleep. The evidence for this is the Ayah:
سُبْحَانَ الَّذِي أَسْرَى بِعَبْدِهِ لَيْلً مِّنَ الْمَسْجِدِ الْحَرَامِ إِلَى الْمَسْجِدِ الَاقْصَى الَّذِي بَارَكْنَا حَوْلَهُ
Glorified (and Exalted) be He (Allah) Who took His servant for a Journey by Night from Al-Masjid Al-Haram to Al-Masjid Al-Aqsa, the neighborhood whereof We have blessed,
The words “Subhan Allah” (Glorified and exalted be Allah) are spoken in the case of serious matters. If it had been a dream, it would have been a significant matter and would not have been so astounding; the disbelievers of the Quraysh would not have hastened to label him a liar and the group of people who had become Muslims would not have deserted the faith.
The word `Abd (servant) refers to both soul and body.
Allah says:
أَسْرَى بِعَبْدِهِ لَيْلً
took His servant for a Journey by Night.
and:
وَمَا جَعَلْنَا الرُّءْيَا الَّتِى أَرَيْنَـكَ إِلاَّ فِتْنَةً لِّلنَّاسِ
And We made not the vision which we showed you but a trial for mankind. (17:60)
Ibn Abbas said:
“This is the vision that the Messenger of Allah saw with his own eyes during the Journey by Night, and the cursed tree is the tree of Zaqqum.”
This was recorded by Al-Bukhari.
Allah said:
مَا زَاغَ الْبَصَرُ وَمَا طَغَى
The sight (of Prophet Muhammad) turned not aside (right or left), nor it transgressed beyond the limit (ordained for it). (53:17)
Sight (Al-Basr) is a physical faculty, not a spiritual one, and he was carried on Al-Buraq, a shining white animal. This too indicates a physical journey, because the soul does not need a means of transportation of this nature.
And Allah knows best.

An Interesting Story 
In his book Dala’il An-Nubuwwah, Al-Hafiz Abu Nu`aym Al-Isbahani recorded via Muhammad bin Umar Al-Waqidi who said:
Malik bin Abi Ar-Rijjal told me from Amr bin Abdullah that Muhammad bin Ka`b Al-Qurazi said:
“The Messenger of Allah sent Dihyah bin Khalifah to Caesar.”
He mentioned how he came to him, and described an incident that showed how wise Caesar was.
He sent for the Arab merchants who were in Syria and Abu Sufyan Sakhr bin Harb and his companions were brought to him. He asked them the well-known questions that were recorded by Al-Bukhari and Muslim, as we shall discuss below, and Abu Sufyan tried hard to give the impression that this was an insignificant issue.
(The narrator) said that Abu Sufyan (later) said:
“By Allah, nothing stopped me from saying something to Heraclius to make him despise (Muhammad) but the fact that I did not want to tell a lie that would later be found out, and he would never believe me again after that.
Then I told him about the night on which he was taken on the Night Journey.
I said:`O King, shall I not tell you of something from which you will know that he is lying!’
He said, `What is it?’
I said:`He claims that he went out of our land, the land of Al-Haram, in one night, and came to your sanctuary in Jerusalem, then came back to us the same night, before morning came.’
The Patriarch of Jerusalem was there, standing next to Caesar.
The Patriarch of Jerusalem said:`I know that night.’
Caesar looked at him and said, `How do you know about this!’
He said,
`I never used to sleep at night until I closed the doors of the sanctuary. On that night I closed all the doors except for one, which I could not manage to close. I asked my workers and others who were with me to help me deal with it, but we could not move it. It was like trying to move a mountain. So I called the carpenters, and they looked at it and said:The lintel and some part of the structure has fallen onto it. We cannot move it until morning, when we will be able to see what the problem is. So I went back and left those two doors open.
The next morning I went back, and saw that the stone at the corner of the sanctuary had a hole in it, and there were traces of an animal having been tethered there.
I said to my companions:This door has not been closed last night except for a Prophet, who prayed last night in our sanctuary.”‘
And he mentioned the rest of the Hadith.
In his book At-Tanwir fi Mawlid As-Siraj Al-Munir, Al-Hafiz Abu Al-Khattab Umar bin Dihyah mentioned the Hadith of the Isra’ narrated from Anas, and spoke well about it, then he said:
“The reports of the Hadith of the Isra’ reach the level of Mutawatir.
They were narrated from; 
Umar bin Al-Khattab, 
Ali, Ibn Mas`ud, 
Abu Dharr, 
Malik bin Sa`sa`ah, 
Abu Hurayrah, 
Abu Sa`id, 
Ibn Abbas, 
Shaddad bin Aws, 
Ubayy bin Ka`b, 
Abdur-Rahman bin Qarat, 
Abu Habbah Al-Ansari, 
Abu Layla Al-Ansari, 
Abdullah bin `Amr, 
Jabir, Hudhayfah, 
Buraydah, 
Abu Ayub, 
Abu Umamah, 
Samurah bin Jundub, 
Abu Al-Hamra’, 
Suhayb Ar-Rumi, 
Umm Hani’, and 
A’ishah and Asma’, the daughters of Abu Bakr As-Siddiq, 
may Allah be pleased with them all.
Some of them narrated the incident at length, and others narrated it more briefly, as was reported in the Musnad collections.
Even though some reports do not fulfill the conditions of Sahih, nevertheless the Muslims agreed unanimously on the fact that the Isra’ happened, and it was rejected only by the heretics and apostates.
يُرِيدُونَ لِيُطْفِيُواْ نُورَ اللَّهِ بِأَفْوَهِهِمْ وَاللَّهُ مُتِمُّ نُورِهِ وَلَوْ كَرِهَ الْكَـفِرُونَ
They intend to put out the Light of Allah with their mouths. But Allah will bring His Light to perfection even though the disbelievers hate (it). (61:8
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Arabic

وَنَجَّيْنَٰهُ وَلُوطًا إِلَى ٱلْأَرْضِ ٱلَّتِى بَٰرَكْنَا فِيهَا لِلْعَٰلَمِينَ 
Notes

Topics related to this Ayah

[Abraham] [Blessing] [Lot (Lut)] 
English – Sahih International

And We delivered him and Lot to the land which We had blessed for the worlds.
English – Footnote (Hilali)

English – Tafsir ibn kathir

The Migration of Ibrahim to Ash-Sham (Greater Syria), accompanied by Lut 
Allah tells:
وَنَجَّيْنَاهُ وَلُوطًا إِلَى الاَْرْضِ الَّتِي بَارَكْنَا فِيهَا لِلْعَالَمِينَ

 

 
And We rescued him and Lut to the land which We have blessed for the nations. 
Allah tells us that He saved Ibrahim from the fire lit by his people, and brought him out from among them, migrating to the land of Ash-Sham, to the sacred regions thereof.
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Arabic

وَلِسُلَيْمَٰنَ ٱلرِّيحَ عَاصِفَةً تَجْرِى بِأَمْرِهِۦٓ إِلَى ٱلْأَرْضِ ٱلَّتِى بَٰرَكْنَا فِيهَاۚ وَكُنَّا بِكُلِّ شَىْءٍ عَٰلِمِينَ 
Notes

Topics related to this Ayah

[Blessing] [Knowledge] [Solomon] [Weather] [Wind] 
English – Sahih International

And to Solomon [We subjected] the wind, blowing forcefully, proceeding by his command toward the land which We had blessed. And We are ever, of all things, Knowing.
English – Footnote (Hilali)

English – Tafsir ibn kathir

وَلِسُلَيْمَانَ الرِّيحَ عَاصِفَةً

 

 
And to Suleiman (We subjected) the wind strongly raging,
means, `We subjugated the strong wind to Suleiman.’ 

 

تَجْرِي بِأَمْرِهِ إِلَى الاَْرْضِ الَّتِي بَارَكْنَا فِيهَا
running by his command towards the land which We had blessed.
meaning, the land of Ash-Sham (Greater Syria). 

 

وَكُنَّا بِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ عَالِمِينَ

 

 
And of everything We are the All-Knower.
He had a mat made of wood on which he would place all the equipment of his kingship; horses, camels, tents and troops, then he would command the wind to carry it, and he would go underneath it and it would carry him aloft, shading him and protecting him from the heat, until it reached wherever he wanted to go in the land. Then it would come down and deposit his equipment and entourage.
Allah says:
فَسَخَّرْنَا لَهُ الرِّيحَ تَجْرِى بِأَمْرِهِ رُخَأءً حَيْثُ أَصَابَ
So, We subjected to him the wind; it blew gently by his order whithersoever he willed. (38:36) 
غُدُوُّهَا شَهْرٌ وَرَوَاحُهَا شَهْرٌ
its morning was a month’s (journey), and its afternoon was a month’s. (34:12)
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Arabic

وَقُل رَّبِّ أَنزِلْنِى مُنزَلًا مُّبَارَكًا وَأَنتَ خَيْرُ ٱلْمُنزِلِينَ 
Notes

Topics related to this Ayah

[Ark] [Noah] [Prophet] 
English – Sahih International

And say, ‘My Lord, let me land at a blessed landing place, and You are the best to accommodate [us].’ ”
English – Footnote (Hilali)

English – Tafsir ibn kathir

And say:`My Lord! Cause me to land at a blessed landing place, for You are the Best of those who bring to land.
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Arabic

وَجَعَلْنَا بَيْنَهُمْ وَبَيْنَ ٱلْقُرَى ٱلَّتِى بَٰرَكْنَا فِيهَا قُرًى ظَٰهِرَةً وَقَدَّرْنَا فِيهَا ٱلسَّيْرَۖ سِيرُوا فِيهَا لَيَالِىَ وَأَيَّامًا ءَامِنِينَ 
Notes

Topics related to this Ayah

[Blessing] [City] [Queen Sheba] [Travel] [Travel, Have they not travelled through the earth] 
English – Sahih International

And We placed between them and the cities which We had blessed [many] visible cities. And We determined between them the [distances of] journey, [saying], “Travel between them by night or day in safety.”
English – Footnote (Hilali)

English – Tafsir ibn kathir

The Trade of Saba’ and Their Destruction 
Allah tells us about the blessings which the people of Saba’ enjoyed, and the luxuries and plentiful provision which was theirs in their land, with its secure dwellings and towns which were joined to one another, with many trees, crops and fruits. When they traveled, they had no need to carry provisions or water with them; wherever they stopped, they would find water and fruits, so they could take their noontime rest in one town, and stay overnight in another, according to their needs on their journey.
Allah says:
وَجَعَلْنَا بَيْنَهُمْ وَبَيْنَ الْقُرَى الَّتِي بَارَكْنَا فِيهَا
And We placed, between them and the towns which We had blessed,
Mujahid, Al-Hasan, Sa`id bin Jubayr and Malik, who narrated it from Zayd bin Aslam, and Qatadah, Ad-Dahhak, As-Suddi, Ibn Zayd and others — all said that;
this means the towns of Syria.
It means they used to travel from Yemen to Syria via towns easy to be seen and connected to one another.
Al-Awfi reported that Ibn Abbas said,
“`The towns which We had blessed by putting Jerusalem among them.”

 

قُرًى ظَاهِرَةً
towns easy to be seen,
meaning, clear and visible, known to travelers, so they could take their noontime rest in one town and stay overnight in another.
Allah says:

 

وَقَدَّرْنَا فِيهَا السَّيْرَ
and We made the stages (of journey) between them easy.
meaning, `We made it in a way that met the needs of the travelers.’

 

سِيرُوا فِيهَا لَيَالِيَ وَأَيَّامًا امِنِينَ

 

 
Travel in them safely both by night and day.
means, those who travel in them will be safe both by night and by day
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